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Development of perception, conceptualisation and abstract thinking


The immediate human experience is perceived through perception, then conceptualised. The conceptualisation is either dynamic or static process. Static state is perceived by senses, and is a potential state, with expectation for transition to dynamic state, that will necessarily follow.

Dynamic processes have to be apriori put in framework of concept, while static processes can be just perceptions, necessary for creating background to dynamic processes, so they can put themselves in relative context. In the dynamic processes what’s important is the trend and speed, not so much the actual state. If the trend is random, speed is less important, if it is with clear direction, the imbalance can be overdone and irreversibly taken over. Yet most of the people judge the state of reality according to the existing state, and not according to the trend and speed, this is why they support short term policies, and short clear slogans, without infiltrating their conceptual meaning.

Conceptualization demands analytical, systematic approach, judging with critical view the facts and evidences. Those facts are either dismantled to the most basic elements, or assembled from the most basic elements to structures, in process of growing complexities, branching sideways to similar structures of same level of complexity, as well as hierarchically upwards, towards the most complex phenomenon, its peak is life, consciousness, on the individual human level or society, economics, politics on whole social grouping level. This conceptual systematic perspective of reality is approached within scientific method, that is strict, well defined rules, according which are collected and perceived data, then analysed to its last, smallest elements, then conceptualised into system emerging from the complexity of interrelation attributes. The usual even if not necessary starting point of scientific research is with hypothesis, that is encountered with from data collected under strictly defined scientific methodology, that either verify, or refute the the hypothesis. Scientific theory is always conclusion and result of methodological scientific research, systematically following the process of theorem creation. Not so the faith in belief system, be it religious or secular, that opposes evidence with animosity. Perception of reality based on scientific method creates objective description of reality. Objective means, it can be approached universally and approved or refuted through evidence.

Scientific approach to perceive reality negates the cultural approach, that is based on prejudices, faith in oversimplified explanation of perceived facts that are collected randomly and arbitrary, without criticism. This reality perceived without to be criticized is filtered through prism of culture, and the results are disinformation in form of febles, conspiracy theories, archaic pre concepts of reality, deeply infiltrated in the human individual and communal consciousness. This process brings to being faith and belief systems, that within its own subjective reasoning, based on unverified facts create a whole belief system, either semi rational or mystical. The non scientific approach to reality is also starting with hypotheses, but it remains in this stage, with no data collection and with no following process of verification or refutification. The non scientific hypothesis is in principle lacking the method of accounter it with data with potential refutation.

As contrary to religious belief systems scientific thinking goes through continues process of change of hypothesis and its essences. Since everything is questioned, the method of thinking itselves is subjected to continuous change. The verified evidence becomes a new cultural icon, it by itself influences non scientific approaches, if it is not in direct conflict with the most substantial essences of the faith. Scientific thinking is using and developing tools for abstractisation of reality to easify the comprehension of reality. Those tools (like maps for exame) are many times adopted and used on daily basis by the non scientific thinkers. This causes change in their system of perceiving the reality, even if the tools are used for presenting rather disinformation than information.

The tools of abstractization are by itself a widely spread phenomena only since the urbanization of the world population. People living in agrarian societies, villages, fields, have less need for abstractization, if compared to the urban population. In the dense cities individuals without capacity to perceive abstract icons, symbols, maps is lost. This process of abstraction of reality is conceptualisation, that is beyond the difference caused by different sort of data collection. So the urban population has to change its perception of reality, unless it is stuck in limited region, where it can localise itself according to familiar signs located in familiar places. The biggest leap in such a change in conceptualisation due to abstractization happens to the humans, when they become literate. The transition from illiteracy to literacy is not just transition to availability of different, richer information, but upgrade in capacity of perceptualization, conceptualization and abstractization. The critical way of thinking, that is precondition to transition to scientific thinking, had raised in higher level among commons of Europe after rapid urbanisation and introduction of general education. The widespread mass participation in revolution of 1848 in Europe, and the previous French revolution, was rather result of fundamental increase in literacy and with it change in conceptualisation capacity among the masses, due to introduction of general education, that became widely spread during the seventeenth and eighteenth century in England and later in France followed by rest of Europe, (except Russia) in second half of eighteenth century, than result of inequality of wealth distribution and consequential economic hardship.

Understanding of liberal-democratic political system, demands higher level of conceptualization capacity and abstractization, than just literacy. Education to critical and creative thinking, as contrary to memorization of texts and facts, is another leap needed to change the perception capacity of the masses, with abstractization and capacity of higher level of conceptualization.

This process of introducing higher level of understanding among the masses was not accomplished till now, in contrary. In most of the education systems, mainly in countries with uncritical faith based knowledge education, there is no support for criticism and methodological evidence based perception model. Add to it illiteracy of women, who are eventually mothers of the next generation, and the future prospect of abstractization perception doesn’t have to good chance to be achieved.

The result of it is high efficiency of scientific tools for manipulating masses ignorant of abstract conceptualization, either in politics as well as in commerce. Advertisement tools are more about distributing disinformation than information. So in politics, the politicians sell more flattery to masses and empty slogans, than information and analysis of policies, alternative solutions, etc. all these that need abstractization and conceptualisation.

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