The Romans had great respect to ancient religions and cultures, like the Egyptian and also Jewish, even if it was less impressive at the time. Probably it was because they had no ancient history of their own at beginning, and had to invent it out of Greek mythology. Culturally the Romans adopted mainly the Greek and partly the Egyptian culture. Only later after the Jewish war the Jewish culture became influential because of the Christianity.
- Patrice Ayme Says:
February 21, 2015 at 4:17 pm | ReplyThanks to eclipses, stories and archaeology, the founding of Rome by Romulus has been very precisely dated. I don’t remember the details, but they fit exactly the official Roman date of 753 BCE.
Greek mythology was old by then. So it spread in the West. As I have explained, it had penetrated even Celtic lands.
Romans did not tolerate human sacrifice religions. Both Christianism and Judaism, in my opinion, were playing around with the notion.
Jewish mythology obviously came from the monotheist Pharaoh (Akhenaten) & queen Nefertiti.
By 311 CE, the rule of too many fascist emperors made the empire ready of theocracy, and it got implemented, starting with the Balkan-British Constantine, in the next 70 years (Spanish Theodosius). No more tolerance then: only the Jews survived, even the Samaritans got near-exterminated.
- EugenR Says:
February 21, 2015 at 4:42 pm| ReplyThe Akhenaten theory is only one of the possibilities how Monotheism was created. The bible definitely has both sumerian and egyptian influences. The diety name Yahve most probably comes from norh Saudia, close to modern city of Akaba. If to believe to the story of Exodus as describing certain historical event, (check the story of hixos) this is the place to where the bible puts Moseses first accounter with God, and some of the modern scholars place to the same place the mount of Sinay.
- Patrice AymeSays:
February 21, 2015 at 6:39 pmThis part of history is poorly known. What is known is that it was incredibly messy. It started with the invasion of the “People of the Sea” (Egyptian semantics). Some have even suggested that the ancient Israelis were ONE of the Peoples of the Sea, barely defeated by the Egyptian army, and then enslaved.
So some have suggested, for this and other reasons, that the Israelis came from present day Kurdistan (then powering up).
As you show, cultural elements came from all over.
In a more general way, let’s point out we all have Middle Eastern origins, to a great extent, as confirmed by recent (2014 genetic studies). Our Middle Earth origins are political, cultural, racial (so to speak), and economic…
February 21, 2015 at 8:38 pmThe people of the sea attacked Egypt and the Hettitian Empire which they destroyed. They were not people of the region and probably did not speak Semitic language, otherwise they would be recognised by the two leading empires, who left about them writings, and also in Ugarit they find tablets about them. They also attacked Creets, Greece and even Sicilia. The historians think their decendens were the Plishtinians or the Greeks. There are also theories that they were some kind of rebels of different nations. After they destroyed the Hettitans and weakened Egypt, new nations appeared in the region like, the Hebrews, Greeks, Phenicians and the Phlistines. The Hebrews occupied the montain regions of land of Israel and the Phlistines were mainly on the sea shores and in the valleys.
By the way, the most probable theory about the origin of the Hebrews according to the new archaeological findings is, that they were the common Kennany people, who rebeled some city states like Hazor and newly setled in the mountain regions. There they adopted new monotheistic religion brought to them most probably by some priests from Egypt.
- Patrice AymeSays:
- EugenR Says:
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